GAFP Annual Research Poster Competition Winners Announced at the GAFP Meeting November 7th in Atlanta

The GAFP Annual Research Poster Competition was held during the GAFP Annual Meeting and Scientific Assembly November 5-8, 2015 in Atlanta. Posters were displayed in the GAFP registration area of the Westin Buckhead Atlanta Hotel for all attendees to view, and were evaluated by Dr. Monica Parker, Dr. Sylveria Olatidoye, and AAFP Representative Dr. Mott Blair.  Residents and Pre- Med students from throughout the state participated in the competition. Results were as follows:

Pre-Med Category Winner:

1st Place – Perceived Risk of Breast Cancer and Important Reasons Affecting Mammogram History

Authors: Emily Graf, Brian Jordan, and Brooks Anne Mitchell

Advisor/Coordinator: Melissa Brown, Pathway to Medical School

ABSTRACT:

Among women, breast cancer leads all other cancers, and is the second leading cause of cancer death. Ninety percent of breast cancer cases can be treated into remission, however, only if the tumor is discovered early, at stage 1. Women fifty years of age and over who receive yearly mammograms can reduce mortality rates by as much as forty percent. With these statistics in mind, the study was designed to determine patient perception of breast cancer risk and how it affects regular mammography screenings among women in southwest Georgia. A survey of 100 female patients between the ages of 40-74 was conducted at five primary healthcare clinics within the Phoebe and Albany Area Health Care Systems, and evaluated patient willingness to be screened for breast cancer and their attitudes and beliefs about breast cancer screening. The most common reason women answered as to why they had not had a mammogram in the last two years was they had just not gotten around to it. It is possible the women did not know the importance of mammogram screening or know about their risk. Of the various clinics used for data collection, 13% of women surveyed had never received a mammogram. Of this 13%, 77% said they would be more likely to have a mammogram if they could receive it locally. The knowledge obtained will help determine how receptive patients in this region are to mammograms and the extent of awareness and education that is still needed.

 

Resident Category Winner
1st Place – Healthcare Provider Attitudes and Beliefs Regarding Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Acceptability in African American and Hispanic Adolescent Males and Their Caregivers

Author: Nicolle Martin, MD, MPH

Advisors/Coordinators/Contributors: Trudye Young, MD; Venice Haynes, MSPH; Sunny Onyeabor, MD; Katrina Brantley, MPH; and LeRoy Reese, PhD

ABSTRACT:

African Americans and Hispanics are disproportionately affected by HPV-related diseases. The HPV vaccine prevents genital warts, cervical and anogenital cancers. Previous research has demonstrated that health care providers’ recommendations greatly influence HPV vaccine acceptability and uptake; however, barriers to uptake identified by providers are not well understood or considered in uptake efforts.

This study assesses healthcare providers’ perspectives regarding the identification of barriers to vaccine acceptability for low-income minority adolescent males and identifies provider practices for overcoming these challenges.

Four focus groups of health care providers (n=29) serving low-income adolescent African American and Hispanic males were conducted.  The focus group protocol was based on the Health Belief Model to assess factors that may influence providers’ beliefs about potential barriers to vaccine acceptability.

Preliminary data analysis of provider focus groups suggests that adolescent African American and Hispanic males are willing to receive the HPV vaccine after healthcare provider counseling. Preliminary data also demonstrate that African American caregivers are less likely to provide consent for HPV vaccination, while Hispanic caregivers are more likely to provide consent for HPV vaccination after provider counseling.

Provider observations reflect comparable research in that the target populations demonstrate limited knowledge regarding HPV, the HPV vaccine, and HPV related diseases, which all serve as obstacles to vaccine acceptability.  Study results will be used to identify provider practices that can be used to develop interventions to improve HPV vaccine acceptability in these male populations.

In addition, we would like to recognize the participants who placed 2nd and 3rd in each category.

Pre-Med Student Category

2nd Place – Primary Care Physicians and Providing Sexual Counseling to African Americans Age >= 65

Authors: Tameka Lawrence

Advisor(s)/Coordinator(s): Foloshade Omole, MD; Gregory Strayhorn, MD; and Ashley Davis – Morehouse School of Medicine

3rd Place – Factors Influencing Appointment Compliance in Southwest Georgia Clinics

Authors: Russ Hopper, Sachin Kothari, Taylor Schwarzkopf, and Cole Wilkes

Advisor/Coordinator: Melissa Brown, Pathway to Medical School

Resident Category

2nd Place – The First Care of HIV/AIDS Associated with Pulmonary Embolism in Southwest Georgia

Author: Nazia Moiz, MD

Advisor(s)/Coordinator(s): Emantavius Williams, MD; Gurinder J S Doad, MD, PhD

3rd Place – Extracranial Aneurysm Secondary to Cocaine Abuse Presenting with Horner’s Syndrome

Authors: Naheed Lakhani, MD; Tony Bullon, MD; Priya Gulati, MD; and Sanjay Manubolu, MD

Advisor(s)/Coordinator(s): Teresa Beck, MD

Congratulations to the GAFP 2015 Research Poster Winners!  We wish them continued success in their research efforts!